Nature of Man
by Gertrude Battle (Used by permission)
- l. Man is Mortal
- A.Is man mortal or immortal?
Job 4:17 ;
- Man lost his chance for immortality when he sinned in
the Garden of Eden.
See Gen. 3:22-24
We all die today because we no longer have access to the fruit of the tree
of life. The natural death of man is the
result of sin, not the punishment for sin.
- B. Where do we find the only place in the Bible where the
word immortal' is found?
1 Tim. 1:17
- It is found only once and it refers to God.
- C.The word immortality' is found only five times in the
- 1. Who only has immortality?
1 Tim. 6:14-16
- God only has immortality.
- 2. Where do we learn of it?
2 Tim. 1:10
- Through the gospel. Otherwise, we would know nothing concerning life
- 3.What are we supposed to do?
- To seek for it. When you are seeking for something, you obviously do
not have it.
- 4. When will we receive it?
1 Cor. 15:51-54
- We will receive it when Jesus comes.
- II. Creation of Man
- A.How and when was man made?
- He was made a perfect man from the dust of the ground, but he did not
become alive until the breath of life was breathed into him. He became a
living soul. It was the breath of life that caused him to live.
- B.What is the breath of life called?
Job 27:3 ;
Gen. 7:22 margin
- The word spirit' is used in many ways in the Bible. Angels are
called ministering spirits'; the third person of the Godhead is called
the Sprit of God; a person is spoken of as having either a
good spirit or an evil spirit. The breath of life is also called the
spirit of God.
- C. When man dies what happens to him?
- He goes into reverse. His breath leaves his body; his body returns
to the earth as it was. How was it before he was made? As Job
asks, Where is he?'
- III. Animals are Souls
- A. Do animals die the same way?
Ps. 104:25 ,
- If a man and a dog perished in a desert, they would both die the same
way. Their breath would leave their body and they would both return to
the dust as they were.
- B.What is a soul?
Gen. 1:20 ,
- Here God is not speaking of man, but animals. They are called
souls'. A soul is any creature belonging to the animal kingdom that lives
and breathes and dies. This is speaking from a biological standpoint. In
one sense man is made up of three parts--the mind, the
body, and the breath of life. When the breath of life
leaves the body, the brain ceases to function and the body dies. You
cannot separate them. Man is a higher order of being and is moral or
immoral. Animals are neither. Man will be held accountable to God for
his actions. Animals do what nature tells them to do. They have no
- IV. Both the Righteous and the Wicked Unconscious in Death
- A. How does Job describe a person in death?
Job 14:1, 2 ,
- If you cut down a tree it may sprout and come up again, but when
man dies, he is not raised nor awakened out of his sleep. Job expected to
wait in the grave until his change would come.
- B.Does this mean that both the wicked and the
righteous rest together in the grave?
- Yes. All classes will remain in the grave until the resurrection.
Compare Job 21:30 ,
32 KJV ;
2 Peter 2:9 KJV
- V. Called a Sleep
- A. What was the change that Job spoke of and when will this
1 Cor. 15:51-53
- The change from mortality to immortality takes place when Christ comes.
See also 1 Thess.
- B. What did Jesus call death?
- Death is a sleep. It is a wonderful thought that God does not
consider His people as dead, but only taking a nap.
- C. What is man's condition in death?
- He has no memory, nor does he praise the Lord.
Ps. 115:17 It is
called a place of silence.
Ps. 146:3,4 He
does not even think. How can he think without a brain? How can he praise
the Lord without a mouth?
Eccl. 9:5, 6 ,
10 Whatever you
wish to do, do it now.
- VI. Foolish to Try and Contact the Dead
- A. In view of what we have just read, what pertinent
questions does the Psalmist ask?
- How foolish to try to contact the dead.
- B. In what is man's only hope?
- In the resurrection of Christ. In the eyes of God His people are
asleep awaiting the coming
of Christ, who will awaken them and take them to heaven.
- VII. Some Exceptions
- A. Enoch
- Enoch did not die.
- B Elijah
2 Kings 2:11
- Elijah did not die.
- C. Moses
Deut. 34:5, 6
- Moses died, and God buried him. But if you compare the following
texts you will see that he was resurrected and was on the mount with
Peter, James and John when Jesus was transfigured before them. He was
seen and heard talking to Jesus along with Elijah. Peter, in
relating this experience later, called it power and coming of our Lord,'
thus fulfilling the prophecy made by Jesus in
This was a miniature picture of the second coming of Christ, when He
comes in all His glory. God's people were represented by these two men.
Rom. 5:14 ;
Jude 9 ;
Matt. 16:28 ;
2 Peter 1:16-18
Moses represented those who will be resurrected, and Elijah, those who
will be translated without seeing death. Up until Moses died, death
reigned. But Moses was the first to be resurrected.
- D. What did Isaiah prophesy concerning the resurrection of
- 'Thy dead men shall live, together with my dead body shall they
- E. When was this fulfilled?
Matt. 27:52, 53
- When Jesus came from the tomb He brought a multitude with Him who
witnessed to His resurrection>
- F. What happened to them?
Eph. 4:8 margin
- They ascended with Jesus as the firstfruits of the harvest.
- VIII. Thief on the Cross
- A. Did Jesus go to Paradise on Friday when He died?
- No. He rested in the grave until early the morning of the first day
of the week. When He saw Mary, He had not yet gone to His Father.
- B. Did the thief die on Friday?
- No. Jesus died of a broken heart and, therefore, was dead before
sundown that evening. Victims of crucifixion were sometimes known to live
for several days. Some people believe that the thieves' legs were broken
to keep them from escaping. They were taken down from the cross
over the Sabbath--a very cruel custom.
- C. What did Jesus mean in
Luke 23:42, 43 ?
- Place the comma behind the word today' instead of the word thee.'
Jesus was telling the thief that very day, even though He was hanging on
the cross dying, that he would be with Him
when He comes into His kingdom. That is still in the future.
- IX. Conclusion
- A. When will the righteous be with Christ in Paradise?
1 Cor. 15:21-23
- When He comes for His people to take them home with Him.
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Updated 6/19/2006 by Kim Rollins